[time-nuts] DTV frequency reference signals...

Burt I. Weiner biwa at att.net
Sat Jun 13 22:05:20 EDT 2009

Prior to change, DTV stations that had a first adjacent lower NTSC 
had to be within 3 Hz of a specific (5+ MHz) offset from that first 
adjacent lower NTSC's visual carrier in order to prevent interference 
to the NTSC's chroma.  The only practical way to do that was for both 
stations to lock to GPS and each maintain, by gentlemen's agreement a 
1.5 Hz tolerance.  Some of the stations required to do this actually 
did it.  In the Los Angeles area there were several that were stable 
and within 0.1 Hz.  This is sufficient for checking or calibrating a 
service monitor in the field but not nearly tight enough for what we 
try to accomplish.

The pilot signal is a 10 dB spike on the lower edge of the "box" as 
seen on a spectrum analyzer.  Measuring this is like measuring any AM 
carrier.  Now that NTSC analog is gone there is no requirement for 
anything other than the normal 1000 Hz tolerance of the pilot 
signal.  Some stations may chose to lock or reference to  a GPS 
standard but this is not a requirement.  As to what signals may be 
within the data channel, I have no idea what's there other than a lot 
of boring programming.

Burt, K6OQK

>From: Hal Murray <hmurray at megapathdsl.net>
>Subject: [time-nuts] Time/freq from digital TV
>My radio has many news stories about the end of analog TV.
>What sort of time or frequency can I get from a digital TV signal?
>Now that frame buffers are common, does each station use its own master clock?

Burt I. Weiner Associates
Broadcast Technical Services
Glendale, California  U.S.A.
biwa at att.net

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