[time-nuts] reference oscillator input circuit

Javier Herrero jherrero at hvsistemas.es
Wed Dec 8 16:10:56 EST 2010


I was thinking about how good or how bad would result the use of an LVDS 
line receiver ... but it is only a though :)

Regards,

Javier

El 08/12/2010 19:50, Robert LaJeunesse escribió:
> Assuming a transformer coupled input (with biasing via a secondary center tap)
> why not use a fast differential PECL to CMOS level translator? For example, the
> IDT ICS508 will take 0.3 to 1.0 V p-p input and give 2.5, 3.3, or 5 V swing on
> the output. The chip works down to DC and keeps the duty cycle in the 40%-60%
> window up to 250MHz (at 3.3V out). Jitter and noise is not spec'd however.
>
>
> To increase the noise immunity with a relatively slow 10MHz sine source I'd look
> at boosting the amplitude with the transformer, then clipping with balanced
> series resistors and back-to-back diodes so the translator sees a higher dV/dT
> on its inputs.
>
> Might want to look in some old Motorola ECL appnotes for other possible schemes.
>
> Bob 
>
>
>
>
> ________________________________
> From: jimlux<jimlux at earthlink.net>
> To: Discussion of precise time and frequency measurement<time-nuts at febo.com>
> Sent: Wed, December 8, 2010 10:31:08 AM
> Subject: [time-nuts] reference oscillator input circuit
>
> I'm looking for suggestions on a general circuit that can be used to receive an
> external frequency reference (nominally a real clean sine wave at, say, 10 MHz,
> although up to 100 MHz is possible) and turn it into a "real clean" square
> wave.  Galvanic isolation is a plus (a transformer or capacitor would probably
> do that).
>
> I was thinking about rummaging through the schematics for test equipment
> reference inputs (since they've already "solved" the problem, eh?), but any
> other ideas would be welcome.
>
> I've scanned the archives of time-nuts, and while we have a fair amount of
> discussion on how to square up the 1Hz (or 100Hz) in a phase noise/ADEV setup,
> not so much on what to do with the 10 MHz.  Rick has commented that you don't
> want to use a comparator. I have the papers by Dick, et al, and Collins, as well
> as all the others.. they tend to be looking at the low frequency problem,
> although the analysis is certainly applicable.
>
> I don't know that I'm looking for the whole multiple limiting stages scheme in
> any case.
>
> Oh, as far as performance.. Say the need is to not horribly degrade a good
> quality crystal oscillator... here's a typical set of specs:
> 76 MHz
> 1Hz<-90dBc
> 10Hz<-110dBc
> 100Hz<-120dBc
> 1k-100k<-125dBc
>
> Adevs of the oscillator run from 5E-12 at 0.1 sec, down to 1E-12 at 10 sec, and
> back up to 2 E-12 at 1000sec.
>
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-- 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Javier Herrero                            EMAIL: jherrero at hvsistemas.com
Chief Technology Officer
HV Sistemas S.L.                          PHONE:         +34 949 336 806
Los Charcones, 17                         FAX:           +34 949 336 792
19170 El Casar - Guadalajara - Spain      WEB: http://www.hvsistemas.com





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