[time-nuts] Rohde & Schwarz XSD 2.5 MHz crystal gone bad?
KA2WEU at aol.com
KA2WEU at aol.com
Sun Nov 20 19:44:30 EST 2016
I am surprised that this is the 2.5 MHz (XSD)and not the new 5 Mhz
crystal. XSD2 ) Bernd Neubig , on distribution always has a wealth of information
There was a later R&S ( XSD 2 ) 5 MHz frequency standard, interchangeable
with the XSRM Rb standard..
I looked at the Internet but did not find a surplus one . Sorry , Ulrich
In a message dated 11/20/2016 7:05:11 P.M. Eastern Standard Time,
mul at rentapacs.de writes:
I'm new to this list and have some interest in quartz crystal and
rubidium oscillators - GPS, NTP, PPS and "clock watching" in general ;-)
I snatched an R&S XSD frequency standard accompanied by an XKE frequency
controller. Found the manuals on KO4BB's site (Thanks a lot for that!
BTW there's a slight mix-up of pages in that some of the XKE pages have
found their way into the XSD manual).
My initial hope of a quick and easy restoration project faded a bit when
I looked at the XSD output frequency after heating up the oven. It was
off by about -1 * 10-5 and after cranking the fine tuning for some time
and having another look at the specs I realized that the frequency was
too far off to be dialed in by the fine tuning which only covers about
+/- 2 * 10-7.
Next step was to take apart the oven and check series capacitor,
oscillator and the crystal itself. I found that even the coarse
adjustment range of the cylindrical series capacitor (40 - 110 pF) would
not allow to pull the crystal to it's specified frequency. When
replacing the series cap by a ceramic and lowering the value to just
before the oscillation breaks down (about 10 pF) I managed to set the
oscillator frequency offset to +2.5 * 10-6 at room temperature. But
even this will not suffice when taking into account that the frequency
will drop by a few parts in 10-5 (cf. XSD manual) when the oven heats up
to its operating temperature. I also checked some of the components on
the oscillator PCB which might have an influence on frequency but could
not find any fault.
The crystal itself is a disk of about 30 mm diameter mounted in a sealed
glass cylinder of about 38 mm dia. and 43 mm height. There is no socket
just 2 bare wires.. It does not show any visual signs of damage.
According to a reference given in the R&S XSD manual the crystal's
construction follows a publication from A.W. Warner "Design and
Performance of Ultraprecise 2.5-mc Quartz Crystal Units" in Vol 39,
Issue 5 of Bell Labs Technical Journal (Sept. 1960). According to that
it is an AT-cut 5th overtone design.
Now my questions:
a) Considering that this gear is about 50 years old, a "crystal gone
bad" situation shouldn't be that much of a surprise, right? But could
there be any other cause of the "huge" frequency offset besides a bad
crystal? I would very much appreciate any idea that I could try to get
this baby back on spec.
b) if nothing else helps: Could any of you give me a hint about who
might be able to supply a spare crystal? I tried my directly reachable
contacts but unfortunately to no avail so far. Please consider that
similar crystals might also have found their way into other
manufacturer's constructions from that era - Sulzer, Racal, HP ... you
name it ...
Many thanks in advance!
Best regards ... Michael U.
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