[time-nuts] Lady Heather's Tbolt oscillator auto-tune function

ws at Yahoo warrensjmail-one at yahoo.com
Sun Sep 11 11:52:26 EDT 2016

A cold oven freq is off by hundred's by Hz, Much much greater than the range
of the Dac
The TBolt does not start tuning until it's oven has warmed up.
Setting anything in the Tbolt biased on cold start turn-on is counter
productive. It takes days or weeks for it settle down.
At initial turn-on and when returning from a lost signal drop-out if the
phase is off, the Tbolts enters a fast Dac slue tune mode that sets the
phase and then the Freq to zero cross before entering its normal mode. 
Because of these, it does not mater in the least what the Dac is set to at a
cold start.
A damping setting in a Tbolt of greater than 2 is not a good idea.
And a TC setting of >1000 is not a good idea unless using the 'extended TC'
. . .


>> Actually, for best results from a cold start, it is best to set the
initial DAC voltage to whatever voltage produces 10.000000000 MHz *when the
oven is cold*.

Bob replied:

> .. errr . that's pretty far off :) DAC at 10 or 20 minutes is probably the

No, DAC for 10.000000000 MHz with a stone cold oven is best for cold 
starts.  This setting is still best even if the oven is partly warm, 
because the loop is moving the DAC in the same direction it needs to go 
-- it can "catch up" gracefully without racing in the wrong direction in 
full saturation to meet the crystal as it warms up, then banging back 
and forth from saturation in one direction to saturation in the other 
direction before finally leveling out.  It is the damped oscillatory 
approach to the capture zone, and recovering from saturation (not just 
once, but multiple times), that slows things down.

By starting the DAC to produce 10.000000000 MHz from the cold oven, all 
that is avoided and the loop just tracks the warming crystal (or, if it 
can't quite keep up, at least it is moving in the same direction and can 
catch up gracefully without overshoot -- still much faster than starting 
from the DAC voltage that produces 10.000000000 MHz with a fully warm oven).

Trust me, I tried all of this experimentally and know whereof I speak.

Best regards,


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