[time-nuts] Question about effect of spurious frequency modulation on Allan Deviation
phk at phk.freebsd.dk
Mon Aug 6 02:22:07 EDT 2018
In message <84a802ff-88f1-5f50-1f79-71d8ba3c42c6 at rubidium.dyndns.org>, Magnus D
>What does exists is a formula for how a single sine spur would produce
>ADEV. A FM deviation with low enough modulation index creates two
>side-bands of opposite sign but same amplitude.
I find the easiest way to wrap my head around this is to think
about measuring Adev by timing zero-crossings.
If we had a perfect zero-crossing detector, perfect AM would not
matter, because perfect AM does not move the zero-crossings.
But in theory at least one electron, and in practice many, must run
the opposite direction before we can detect the zero-crossing, so
even perfect AM matters in practice. (Interesting detail: Measuring
at high impedance may be smarter than at 50 Ohm impedance)
For FM or PM there is no loophole: They move the zero-crossings and that's that.
Depending on the modulation signal, there may be moments where the
zero-crossing is "where it should be", for instance if the modulation
is sine or triangular, but not if it is a signed square wave.
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